Governor General’s Literary Awards
The Canada Council is committed to equity and inclusion, and encourages applications and nominations from culturally diverse, Deaf, disability and official language minority artists, groups and organizations. The Canada Council recognizes and affirms the Aboriginal and treaty rights of the Indigenous peoples of this land and encourages applications and nominations from First Nations, Inuit and Métis individuals, groups, and organizations in all its programs. Measures are in place in all programs to support these commitments.
The Governor General’s Literary Awards (GGBooks) are given annually to one English-language and one French-language book in each of the following 7 categories:
- Literary Non-fiction
- Young People’s Literature – Text
- Young People’s Literature – Illustrated Books
- Translation (from French to English and from English to French)
The awards are for literary and artistic merit; publishers should submit only books that they deem to be outstanding in these regards.
Publishers should submit books as early as possible. Submissions upon release of titles are appreciated and strongly encouraged. Books must reach the Canada Council by the deadline date that corresponds with the publication date. Incomplete or late nominations will not be accepted.
If these dates fall on a weekend or statutory holiday, the deadline moves to the next business day.
Deadlines for book nominations
Books must be published and available on the market between 1 August 2021 and 31 July 2022. Deadlines for nominations are:
- 15 February 2022 – for books published between 1 August 2021 and 31 January 2022
- 15 May 2022 – for books published between 1 February 2022 and 15 May 2022
- 31 July 2022 – for books published between 16 May 2022 and 31 July 2022
Notification and announcement of results
The finalists will be announced in fall 2022, followed by an announcement of the winners. The winning writers, illustrators, and translators and their publishers will be notified confidentially in advance of the winners' announcement.
Prize and grant amounts
- $25,000 prize – to the eligible creator(s) of each winning book
- $3,000 grant – to the publisher of each winning title for the promotion of the winning book
- $1,000 prize – to each of the non-winning finalists
- For the Translation category, the award is given to the translator.
- For co-authored or co-translated books, the prize amount is split equally.
- For the Young People’s Literature – Illustrated Books category and for all graphic novels:
- The prize amount is split equally between the author and the illustrator.
- If there are co-authors, half of the prize amount is split equally between them. The same rule applies to co-illustrators.
The Canada Council may contact the publisher for supplementary information to determine eligibility.
Only eligible book publishers can submit titles for consideration. Publishers may be based in Canada or abroad. Publishers must:
- publish books based on an editorial selection process
- have at least 4 trade titles in print and be committed to a sustained trade book publishing program, consisting of titles by a variety of authors. New publishers with fewer than 4 trade titles in print must attest to their commitment to the book(s) in consideration over a sustained period.
- pay royalties or financially compensate the author, illustrator or translator for all submitted titles
- have established a marketplace presence through distribution in Canadian bookstores and through marketing and public awareness efforts
- have no more than 25% of its yearly publications written, illustrated or translated by its owners, family or employees
- meet basic professional standards of publishing.
If this is the first time your publishing house is nominating a book, you must provide:
- information that confirms your publishing house meets the criteria detailed above
- a historical background
- a catalogue of your published titles
- a list of Canadian distributors.
Author, translator and illustrator eligibility
The author must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada as defined by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. They do not need to be living in Canada. Authors must be living on the date of book publication.
- For the Illustrated Books category and for all graphic novels, both the author and illustrator must meet these criteria.
- For the Translation category, the translator must meet these criteria. The author of the original work must be a Canadian citizen or have permanent resident status but does not need to be living on the date of publication.
- The main language of all books must be English or French.
- Books must:
- have an ISBN
- have a print run of at least 250 copies
- have at least 48 pages between the covers, except for children’s illustrated books which must have a minimum of 24 printed pages.
- be the first Canadian or first foreign trade edition.
- Texts may have been previously published in magazines.
- Adaptations may be eligible. An eligible adaptation is the new form of a literary work, an interpretation of an existing text that has been significantly modified and transformed into an original new work.
- Each book may be submitted to only one category.
- Books written and published in both French and English may be submitted to only one of the 2 language categories.
- Books in translation are only eligible in the Translation category.
For each category, there is one English-language competition and one French-language competition.
- The Young People’s Literature – Text category is for books for children or young adults with few or no illustrations.
- This category includes books in the genres of fiction, literary non-fiction and poetry.
- Illustrations should occupy less than 30% of the book’s space.
- The Young People’s Literature – Illustrated Books category is for illustrated books for children or young adults.
- This category includes picture books, graphic novels and illustrated works of fiction, literary non-fiction and poetry.
- Books must include new text and new illustrations.
- Original illustrations should occupy at least 30% of the book’s space.
- Graphic novels intended for children or young adults may be submitted to the Young People’s Literature - Illustrated Books category. Graphic novels intended for adults may be submitted to the appropriate category (e.g. Fiction or Literary Non-fiction).
- The Translation category is open to English translations of Canadian-authored French works and to French translations of Canadian-authored English works. The category includes books intended for adults and young people in all literary genres such as fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and plays. The literary merit of the translation is assessed.
The following books are ineligible:
- self-published books
- books for which the author, illustrator or translator contributed financially towards the publication costs
- books that are only available in electronic format
- ghostwritten books
- textbooks, academic, scholarly and other specialized publications, academic theses, educational books, reference books, bibliographies, directories, conference proceedings
- guidebooks, how-to and self-help books, books that focus on self-actualization or self-improvement
- coffee-table books, cookbooks, exhibition catalogues, film scripts, testimonials, diaries, transcripts of interviews, collected letters, trivia books, books of quotations, jokes, anecdotes or sayings, and books of minimal critical content
- anthologies and collections of texts by more than one author (normally under the direction of an editor)
- spiral bound books
- board books for infants
- books previously submitted to a GGBooks competition
- books containing material from previous GGBooks finalist or winning works
- books that do not contain new material
- books that have been translated into English from a language other than French
- books by the current or former Governors General.
Assessment – How are decisions made?
Peer evaluation is fundamental to the Canada Council’s decision-making process. Peer assessment committees will review all eligible titles in each of the 7 categories. The assessment committees are composed of writers, illustrators, translators, critics and/or independent book professionals. Committee members will also be selected with consideration to fair representation of artistic specializations, Canada’s 2 official languages, Indigenous peoples, Deaf and disability communities, gender, age and the cultural and regional diversity of Canada.
All peer assessment committee decisions are final.
Each peer assessment committee must select 1 winning title and up to 4 additional books as finalists.
- Eligible books will be assessed according to literary merit.
- For the Illustrated Books category, both literary and artistic merit will be assessed. The committee will evaluate the text and the illustrations and how well the two components complement one another.
- For the Translation category, the literary merit of the translation will be assessed.
Peer assessment committee members are encouraged to demonstrate an openness to fully appreciate the quality and breadth of the submitted books’ literary choices and approaches. They are invited to consider the values and concerns expressed by the Canada Council in its strategic plan, Art, now more than ever, which include decolonization, equity and diversity. This is to ensure the awarded books contribute to the recognition and evolution of the Canadian arts and literary scene.
Personal information collected in this nomination shall be used for purposes related to the program, service or activity of the Canada Council.
The Canada Council may share personal information from applications and nominations for awards with officials in other arts and cultural industry funding agencies and government institutions on a confidential basis. Shared information is limited to your name and contact information, and is provided to assist with research, reporting, program planning and evaluation, to present networking or economic opportunities, or to respond to federal reviews. For more information on how your personal information is protected, see our Privacy Notice.
Prize terms and conditions
Once the winners and publishers have been contacted, they must agree to keep the results confidential until the Canada Council makes its official announcement. If successful, the terms and conditions will be outlined in a notification letter.
Winners, finalists and publishers of winning books cannot receive the award or grant money until all overdue final reports for Canada Council grants and prizes have been submitted and approved.
Participation in promotional activities
- Award finalists and winners agree to allow their photographs and public information to be used for promotion of the prize and in other Canada Council promotional initiatives. They are expected to participate in activities related to the award.
- In addition to the books submitted to the competition, publishers are required to provide to the Canada Council, at no cost, copies of finalist and winning titles for promotion and partnership purposes.
Acknowledgement of Canada Council support
Publishers and winners must acknowledge the support of the Canada Council for the Arts in all promotional material associated with the award. Details will be included in the notification letter.
Previous winners and finalists
Visit the GGBooks website for a list of past winners and finalists.
Required information – What you need to submit
- 1 nomination form for each title
- 4 paper copies of the book
- For the Translation category only, 4 paper copies of the original work.
- For the Fiction and Non-fiction categories only:
- submit 4 paper copies of the book or
- submit 1 e-book in PDF or epub format on a USB and 1 paper copy.
- You are responsible for providing all the information and books requested.
- The Canada Council will make eligibility decisions based on the information provided.
- The Canada Council is not responsible for the loss or damage of material submitted.
- Submit only the material requested. Extra material will not be shown to the peer assessment committee.
- In addition to filling out your contact information in the nomination form, please ensure that the information is up to date on the Canada Council’s portal, if you have an account.
- Publishers are responsible for confirming the delivery and receipt of nominations.
- An online list of eligible titles submitted will be updated regularly. Publishers are advised to consult this list.
- Inquiries to confirm or contest nomination delivery will not be considered if received more than 10 business days after the final deadline date.
Instructions – How to submit a nomination
All nomination forms and books must reach the Canada Council by the deadline date that corresponds with the publication date.
Send your nomination form by email only to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Send each nomination form in a separate email.
- Enter the book title and publishing house name in the subject line.
We do not accept e-books by email.
Send your books
- by mail: Prizes, Canada Council for the Arts, 150 Elgin St., P.O. Box 1047, Ottawa ON K1P 5V8
- by courier: Prizes, Canada Council for the Arts, 150 Elgin St., 2nd Floor, Ottawa ON K2P 1L4
Program Officer, Prizes
1-800-263-5588 (toll-free) or 613-566-4414, ext. 5573