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Trade of Culture and Sport Products (TCSP), 2017

June 13, 2019

The Trade of Culture and Sport Products (TCSP) provides measures of the international and interprovincial trade of goods and services attributed to both culture and sport (inclusive of the arts and heritage). These data were developed as an extension of the Canadian Culture Satellite Account and the Provincial and Territorial Culture Satellite Indicators by providing additional information regarding the state of culture and sport for Canada, the provinces and territories.

Canada exported $15.7 billion of culture products in 2017, down 7.6% from the previous year. This decrease was mainly attributable to declines in trade of craft products. Meanwhile, Canadians imported 3.1% more culture products in 2017, totalling $21.8 billion. Culture products accounted for 2.4% of all goods and services exports and 3.1% of total imports.

The largest contributor to both exports and imports of culture products in Canada was visual and applied arts, which includes crafts and design services. Additionally, audio-visual and interactive media, which includes film and video production and post-production services, was also a significant contributor to culture trade.

The United States has remained Canada's largest trading partner for culture products, representing over 60% of both culture exports and imports. Other notable trading partners include the European Union and China, which account for over 11% and 4% of culture trade respectively.

Infographic on International Trade of Culture Products for 2010-17

The Cultural Satellite Account was developed by Statistics Canada with the support of a diverse group of partners referred to as the Culture Statistics Strategy Consortium which includes the Canada Council of the Arts.

Trade of Culture Products for 2010-2016, Canada

Image of a map of Canada with an arrow pointing in towards the map (representing culture imports) and an arrow pointing outwards from the map (representing culture exports).

Culture imports

In 2016, imports of culture products1 totaled $21.8 billion.

Total culture imports per year
Year Total culture imports (culture product)
2010 $15.6 billion
2011 $15.8 billion
2012 $16.7 billion
2013 $19.4 billion
2014 $20.0 billion
2015 $21.1 billion
2016 $21.2 billion
2017  $21.8 billion

Canada imported the most culture products from the United States, China and Mexico.

Top 5 countries – Culture imports
Country Culture imports in 2017
United States $14.0 billion
China $1.0 billion
United Kingdom $642.5 million
Mexico $605.6 million
France $584.1 million

The Crafts3, Books, and Film and video sub-domains contributed the most to culture imports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture imports
Subdomain Culture imports in 2017
Crafts $6.3 billion
Books $2.0 billion
Film and video $1.9 billion
Performing arts $1.8 billion
Multi $1.5 billion

Culture exports

In 2016, exports of Canadian culture products1 totaled $16.0 billion.

Total culture exports per year
Year Total culture exports (culture product)
2010 $11.2 billion
2011 $12.2 billion
2012 $11.5 billion
2013 $14.0 billion
2014 $13.7 billion
2015 $16.0 billion
2016 $17.0 billion
2017 $15.7 billion

Canada exported the largest amount of culture products to the United States, China, and the United Kingdom.

Top 5 countries – Culture exports
Country Culture exports in 2017
United States $9.5 billion
China $695.7 million
United Kingdom $486.8 million
Germany $442 million
France $384.2 million

The Crafts3, Film and video, and Governance, funding and professional support sub-domains contributed the most to culture exports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture exports
Subdomain Culture exports in 2017
Crafts $4.2 billion
Film and video $3.0 billion
Governance, funding and professional support $1.2 billion
Design $1.1 billion
Performing arts $900 million